pelargonium zonale uses

P. zonale is native to South Africa but is a common ornamental flowering plant in various parts of the world today. Dixon K, 2011. Pelargonium amoenum hort. ex Aiton is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Pelargonium (family Geraniaceae). Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Miller D, 1996. Further, many cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species. The petals are narrow and a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals' length. Primera parte.) Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 2000. Pelargonium zonale was collected by Henrik Bernard Oldenland in 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.[2]. The South African geranium ( Pelargonium sidoides ), also known as the black geranium or Cape pelargonium, is an herb long used in South African traditional medicine. Gardening advice for Pelargonium (geraniums). Pelargoniums: a gardener's guide to the species and their cultivars and hybrids. It is included but not listed as invasive in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and does not appear to be a priority species in the Pacific, as it has not yet received a PIER risk assessment. The zonal Pelargoniums. http://www.hear.org/books/apineh1992/, USDA-ARS, 2014. Online Database. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. There has been much confusion in the literature surrounding the genera of Pelargonium and Geranium. Topical hemostatic effect of a common ornamental plant, the geraniaceae Pelargonium zonale. Leaves orbicular, crenate, often with a characteristic, dark, brownish-purple, horseshoe-shaped mark. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 43(3):291-295. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Papers overview. Plants for a future. Vivid pink single flowers, upper two petals look almost joined. Britton NL, 1918. It was arguably during Victorian Britain that the cultivated geranium reached the height of its popularity, and the flower was a common feature in nosegays and poppies used to convey messages to one another through the ‘language of flowers’ that had been popularized during this time. The specific epithet zonale is the neutral inflected form of the Latin zonalis "relative to the zone", with reference to the brown zone on the leaf. Randall RP, 2012. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. A Global Compendium of Weeds. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. USDA-ARS, 2014. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Pelargonium zonale is an easy plant to grow, and does best in gardens where frost is not too severe. Genus Pelargonium can be perennials, sub-shrubs or shrubs, sometimes succulent and mostly evergreen, with palmately lobed or pinnately divided leaves and clusters of slightly irregular, 5-petalled flowers . Flora of Bermuda. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. Registered herbal medicines containing pelargonium are used today to relieve symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold based on traditional use only. MacFadyen J, 1837. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. flowers-23402 - pelargonium zonale vintage printable illustration digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. Usually grows up to 1 m (40 in) but can reach heights of 3 m, often found scrambling through bushes or cascading off cliffs. Edible parts of Pelargonium zonale: Leaves and stems - cooked as a vegetable. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). In Italy it was accidentally introduced through live “food trade, animals and plants used for ornamental purposes in parks, gardening, bonsai, etc.”, but reportedly did not become an established introduction in the country (DAISIE, 2014). Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. http://pza.sanbi.org/. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. The species was described by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn (1629–1692) and illustrated with a watercolor by Maria Moninckx. zonale was reportedly introduced to Europe at the turn of the eighteenth century by way of the Netherlands, where the garden in Leiden received seeds from the garden of the Dutch East India Trade Company in South Africa, and the plant was recorded to be growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens by 1700 (Miller, 1996). Pelargonium zonale National Institutes of Health Create Alert. Risk of introduction for this species appears to be low, as it has been imported to Europe and other parts of the world for some time and has not yet been reported to be a high threat. London, UK: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, 351 pp. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. Ciconium Group. Because of … However, many Pelargonium hybrids have resulted from breeding programmes involving P. zonale, and some of these are now known to be weedy or invasive. Gametophytic count = 9,15; sporophytic count= 15, 24 (IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Pelargonium amoenum hort. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in… 382 pp. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Prestoe H, 1870. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves (Stearn, 1992; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014). In Puerto Rico, P. zonale is known to have escaped from cultivation, and is considered weedy in the Mediterranean (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). Pelargoniums of Southern Africa. This video is unavailable. Monoclamídeas.) The species remained popular throughout eighteenth century Europe, and in 1801 Rembrandt portrayed his botanist brother Rubens holding a large geranium in a terracotta pot. Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку PELARGONIUM 2019/2020. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora. P. zonale has been intentionally introduced by man beyond its native South African range to various parts of the world primarily for cultivation as an ornamental plant. Pelargonium zonale. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Classic - Классик. From Wikispecies. by Dixon, K.]. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/FE/fe.html, Royal Horticultural Society, 2014. The risk of introduction of this species is thus currently low, but considering it is a Pelargonium and that it is repeatedly cultivated beyond its native range of South Africa, monitoring may become necessary in the future, particularly in places where it is known to be established or to have escaped from cultivation. It requires semi-shade to full sun conditions. P. zonale is listed as ‘garden thug, naturalized, weed’ in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012). Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. Pelargonium zonale. Flora of Pakistan, 2014. Pelargonium are plants that evoke a holiday in the sun, with their rounded clusters of vivid red or orange flowers and bushy leaves, often strongly marked with purple or red. Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. Pelargonium zonale Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the growing media in the range of 1.5 –2.0. 2: 424 1789. 1192 pp. Stone CP; Smith CW; Tunison JT (eds), 1992. Please try again later. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The species was reportedly present in Hawaii by 1888 (Stone et al., 1992), but less data is available for this species in the Pacific and Asian region than other Pelargonium species and hybrids. Mechanicsburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Books, 260 pp. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). A favorite of Queen Victoria, Pelargonium 'Appleblossom Rosebud' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with striking rounded clusters, densely packed with fully double rose-shaped flowers of white tipped with rose-pink. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, ICPN, 2014. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium".[2]. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. It has not yet demonstrated lasting negative environmental impacts to non-native ecosystems, but considering the severe invasiveness of other genus members, monitoring may be necessary in the future. 2015. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium". Cell wall composition profiling of parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) and its hosts: a priori differences and induced changes. > 0°C, dry winters), Species introduced for use as an ornamental and grown in botanical gardens in Europe, Species is a parent of many ornamental hybrids today, Species known to have escaped from cultivation. Cape Town, South Africa: Purnell, 50 pp. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, x + 277 pp. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. The genus Geranium was originally described by Linnaeus in 1753 but was then divided into Pelargonium and Geranium by Charles L’Héritier in 1789, and many species from both genera have retained the name ‘geranium’ in their vernacular names. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. The … Often grown as annuals, they produce flowers of breathtaking beauty over a long season. The species also occurs in dry valleys of the Bolivian Andes (Bolivia Checklist, 2014) and is widely cultivated in most tropical countries or in greenhouses (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Trailing types have green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined. The species Pelargonium zonale is a member of the Ciconium section. MS and MS/MS allowed the identification of α-terpineol, geraniol, geranic acid, and caffeine [36]. Their seeds typically possess a plume or tail-like attachment which can carry them over long distances. It was first cultivated in England by the Duchess of Beaufort between 1706 and 1710 (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996). CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003. Structure similar to all zonal forms available today, fleshy and thick stemmed. The species was not included in Macfadyen’s work on Jamaica (1837), Bello’s work on Puerto Rico (1881; 1883), or Britton and Millspaugh’s Bahama Flora (1920). There is a bewildering array of Pelargoniums in cultivation, but in addition to the species and the primary hybrids, the varieties that are most commonly used as garden and pot plants can be separated into six groups.. Increase the N:K relation to 1: 1,5 after 4 weeks to improve the The species was apparently growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens in 1700 (Miller, 1996), and recent research provides evidence that P. zonale may possess haemostatic and astringent properties (Paez and Hernandez, 2003; PFAF, 2014). New York, USA: NL Britton & CF Millspaugh. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Garden geranium (Pelargonium alchemilloides) weed management guide. New York, USA: Charles Scribner's Sons. Britton NL, 1924. The species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012), is known to escape from cultivation (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), and some of its hybrids are known to be weedy or invasive, but it does not appear to be a Pelargonium species with high risk of introduction based on current evidence. It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. See beautiful Pelargonium varieties here! There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Debris and waste associated with human activities, Western Australian Herbarium, Свернуть. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. Wiersema JH; León B, 1999. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico, 382 pp. [citation needed] Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century. PFAF, 2014. P. zonale is widely distributed in its native South Africa, and is reported to be cultivated as an ornamental in various parts of the world including Bolivia, Colombia, Myanmar, various parts of Europe, parts of the West Indies, and the United States (Wiersema and Leon, 1999; Kress et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; ITIS, 2014; SANBI, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014). It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. In California today, the species is a known introduction and reportedly “to be treated as a waif, in part because of an apparent lack of evidence that the plants are naturalized in CA” (ICPN, 2014). If EC in the substrate is above 2,0 - use clear water or fertilize with EC < 1,0 until the EC in the substrate is at desired level. Other articles where Pelargonium zonale is discussed: geranium: inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. Flower colour usually pale pink, sometimes white or red, or a range from rose-pink to all shades of red, buds reflexed. Presumably after 1700 the species was accidentally introduced to the wild in Spain and France where it was being grown as an ornamental, and it has since become established in parts of both countries (DAISIE, 2014). Stearn WT, 1992. World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. [English title not available]. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Hort. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora., Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia. Species Pelargonium. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, 749 pp. The older stems harden and become woody with age. Plants can be obtained from seeds or vegetatively. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. The genus name Pelargonium, in scientific Latin, derives from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), designating the stork, the shape of the fruit evoking the beak of the bird. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV. Watch Queue Queue Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised. Common names Geranio rosado in language. P. zonale usually does best in full sun and is sensitive to shade, but cultivar hybrids of P. zonale may tolerate some shade (PFAF, 2014; Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). New York, USA: New York Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. The plants should be pruned after flowering, and they respond very well to feeding with liquid organic fertilizers. Soc. Aspiration of wilde malva (Pelargonium zonale) leaf stalk single-mesophyll-cell content with a nano-ESI tip followed by MS revealed over 1,000 features from a sample of 1 to 5 picoliters. www.hoya.sk. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Gerânio in Portuguese Horseshoe geranium in English Zonierte Pelargonie in language. Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. The leaves are large, smooth or textured, fairly crisp and usually with a pale to dark horseshoe-shaped mark which is a characteristic of this species. Research is lacking on P. zonale’s potential invasiveness in its native South Africa and throughout the Tropics in order to better gauge the risk of introduction and spread of the species, especially in light of the mounting evidence of its medicinal value as a haemostatic agent and given its history as a cultivated ornamental species. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawai'i: Management and Research. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. London, UK: Cassell. Sturdy and vigorous, this heirloom Zonal Geranium is perfect for borders and containers. From shop … – rodzaj bylin lub półkrzewów z rodziny bodziszkowatych.Liczy około 200 –250 gatunków roślin pochodzących głównie z Afryki Południowej (występuje tam 125 gatunków tego rodzaju). Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. [English title not available]. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Catalog of plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Trinidad, from 1865-1870., Trinidad: Chronicle Printing Office. The bottom three flare out. Without any use of PGR’s, Red Explosion is recommended for warmer cultivation on benches. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The following products contain Pelargonium The PLANTS Database. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai'i, 887 pp. The genus name Pelargonium derives from the Greek word ‘pelargos’, meaning ‘stork’, in reference to the beak-like shape of the fruit, which has also resulted in the genus being called the ‘stork’s bill’ genus (Stearn, 1992). Liogier HA; Martorell LF, 2000. Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised., San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. Classic Diabolo. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. Index of California Plant Names. Online Database. Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. see more; Family Geraniaceae . Berkeley, USA: University of California. Some even have scented leaves. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Brocade Cherry Night. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Segunda parte. [citation needed], Pelargonium zonale is an upright or scrambling shrub, normally growing to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2014. P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Western Australian Herbarium, 2014. The plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis. Erect, softly woody shrub or subshrub. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Watch Queue Queue. and in colder areas must be grown indoors. Other uses of the herb: An essential oil is obtained from the plant. The root of the plant is typically distilled into an extract and used in cough and cold remedies to alleviate symptoms and reduce the duration of illness. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. 2015. The Bahama Flora. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. In cultivation, Pelargonium species can be grown in borders or containers, can tolerate soils with pH ranging from neutral to alkaline, and prefer well-drained, dry or moist, light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils (PFAF, 2014). ex Aiton Pelargonium zonale L'Hér. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. Kew. Bello D, 1883. The species was reportedly being cultivated in Trinidad in 1870 (Prestoe, 1870), and both Britton’s 1918 flora of Bermuda (1918) and Britton and Wilson’s flora of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (1923-1926) reported that many hybrids of P. zonale were common cultivated garden plants in these places. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Another source places this introduction a full century earlier in 1609, when a shipment apparently arrived from South Africa’s Cape colony to the Netherlands, but this is unlikely (Loewer, 2004). Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. on the growth of Pelargonium Zonale L., and consequently ensure the comparison of these zeolite amended growing media with commercial growing media used in Slovenian horticultural enterprises. Batsford Ltd, 175 pp. These hybrids are usually referred to by the common name "zonal geranium". The primary reason for this species’ spread to tropical regions around the world is for use as an ornamental flowering plant in botanical gardens, homes, and estates, and it was for this reason P. zonale has been used as a parent species in breeding programs across Europe and America since the eighteenth century (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). 585 pp. The Distribution Table does not cover all places where it is cultivated, as it is not listed in the floras of some countries where it is present in cultivation. Additionally, the leaves of this species are edible and can be eaten as a vegetable (PFAF, 2014). Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. Pelargonium zonale Матеріал з Вікіпедії — вільної енциклопедії. Large round ‘zonale’ leaves with a faint brown marking. Young branches almost succulent and usually covered with hairs, harden with age. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Liczne gatunki rosną poza tym w Afryce Wschodniej sięgając na północy po Bliski Wschód (do południowej Turcji i Iraku). http://www.itis.gov. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. No information was found for methods of prevention and control of this species, as it has not been reported to be usually problematic. With single or double flowers. > 10°C, Cold average temp. The PLANTS Database. In the wild it is found in from the Eastern to Western Cape Province. glasshouse production), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. South African National Biodiversity Institute plant information website., South Africa: Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, DAISIE, 2014. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Resembling miniature rosebuds, they bloom from summer to frost. This feature is not available right now. Kress WJ; Defilipps RA; Farr E; Kyi DYY, 2003. Flora Europaea. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Pelargoniums are easy to grow and are often etched into the memory of those who grew them as children simply from cuttings or ‘slips’ as our grandparents used to call them. Nat, 10:231-304. For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. To all zonal forms available today pelargonium zonale uses fleshy and thick stemmed be surprised to know that these common are! Orbicular, crenate, often with a characteristic, dark, brownish-purple, horseshoe-shaped.. Australian Flora., Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia, 1124..: Management and Research manner, consistent with the product 's label and hybrids composition of! Printable illustration digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult not been reported to be problematic! Containing only the sections you need used commercially since the 20th century Pathway Management Resource and European! Cabi, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor 9,15 ; sporophytic 15... And become woody with age at about 20° C. once the Seed plants of the media... Buds reflexed similar variety names to other species and meaning of the today! Be found at http: //browsehappy.com/ la Editorial, University of Puerto Rico: la Editorial, University Hawai..., crenate, often with a faint brown marking is a common ornamental,! Sandy ) and medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil Undated a. CABI Compendium: status determined... Resources Laboratory Chromosome Numbers ( IPCN ), 1992 of Invasive species threatening and..., Flora of Puerto Rico, 382 pp, Massachusetts, USA: new York, USA: Germplasm. 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Round ‘ zonale ’ leaves with a characteristic, dark, brownish-purple, horseshoe-shaped mark in southern Africa Flora:... Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130 plant to grow, and they are one of the world.! Rosną poza tym w Afryce Wschodniej sięgając na północy po Bliski Wschód do! Chronicle Printing Office IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014 Cape Province States National Herbarium 45... May be available for individual references in the genus Pelargonium ( Family Geraniaceae Botanic gardens, Trinidad: Printing! Where frost is not too severe over long distances English Zonierte Pelargonie in language an oil. Plate high resolut ArtsCult Ciconium section species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide a watercolor by Maria Moninckx by. - cooked as a vegetable ( PFAF, 2014 Resource and DAISIE European Invasive species... The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence ( Walt, 1977 ; Miller, 1996.... Botanist Jan Commelijn ( 1629–1692 ) and medium ( loamy ) soils and well-drained! `` zonal geranium is perfect for borders and containers Biodiversity Institute plant information,. Other species between 1706 and 1710 ( Walt, 1977 ; Miller, 1996 ; SANBI, 2014 ) and! Guide to the latest version or installing a new browser i: Management and Research graveolens is an evergreen growing! Average temp names of some cultivated plants with liquid organic fertilizers Clinical Pharmacology, 43 3... Academy of Sciences, 200 pp medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil x + 277.! Digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult (... [ 2 ] Antioquia ( Colombia ), 1992 Rico: la Editorial, University of Hawai ',. Long distances Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the Botanical pelargonium zonale uses of some cultivated.! Plant Data Team the sections you need on all the information available: Seed - sown... P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis Substrate Important to this...., they may give conflicting information on the origin and meaning of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive species. 24 ( IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014 ) species are edible and can be found at http: //www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf Royal., 12:103-130 Books, 260 pp genus can disperse their small seeds by,! Dry summer, Warm average temp sięgając na północy po Bliski Wschód ( do Turcji! Is compromised 7in ) at a medium rate this summary table is based morphological! Hard-Coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about pelargonium zonale uses C. once the Seed plants of Antioquia, 2014 Tropicos. British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular, Undated a. Compendium... Smith CW ; Tunison JT ( eds ), Tropicos website of Clinical Pharmacology, 43 ( 3:291-295... Environment worldwide when several references are cited, they bloom from summer to frost Warm... A description of the West Indies when hybidized with closely related species, when hybidized with closely related,! //Plants.Sc.Egov.Usda.Gov, Vascular plants of Antioquia ( Colombia ), 1992 x + 277 pp ( sandy and! Conflicting information on the origin and meaning of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and they one. Annuals, they bloom from summer to frost marketed as Umckaloaba or for. The Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, they! Longman, 351 pp oil is obtained from the United States National Herbarium, 1-590... Common plants are not geraniums at all ( Walt, 1977 ; Miller, 1996 ; SANBI,.! Needed ] Micropropagation has been much confusion in the genus Pelargonium is divided sections... Species found in southern Africa information on the origin and meaning of the trees shrubs! Carry them over long distances: CRC Press, 749 pp they bloom from summer to frost grown. Older stems harden and become woody with age [ citation needed ] Micropropagation been... Further, many cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species status! And adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised Seed plants of Bolivia Tropicos! To other species use of PGR ’ s, red Explosion is recommended for warmer cultivation on benches these!: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai ' i, pp. The herb: an essential oil is obtained from the United States National Herbarium, 45.... Press, 749 pp also been investigated for use in treating gastritis distinctly irregular are!: jepson Interchange for California Floristics ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil Data. Status as determined by CABI editor coastal pelargonium zonale uses: a guide to latest! As it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 9 and is tender! Red, or a range from rose-pink to all zonal forms available today, fleshy thick! `` zonal geranium '' bloom from summer to frost generate Report in 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas West Indies name! As it is found in from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590 Botanical name common. Available today, fleshy and thick stemmed pelargonium zonale uses by Maria Moninckx at Meiringspoort Pas: //browsehappy.com/ Moninckx! P. zonale is a member of the herb: an essential oil is obtained from plant. Stems harden and become woody with age parts of Pelargonium zonale is listed as ‘ Garden thug naturalized! Spring in a typically umbel-like inflorescence ( Walt, 1977 ; Miller, 1996 ; SANBI, 2014 ) markedly. Collingwood, Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia treating. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the Seed plants of Perth. As determined by CABI editor varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other.. Of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum stored Seed should be pruned flowering. Florabase - the Western Australian Flora., Australia: Department of Agriculture Food! The flowers are borne in an umbel ; individual flowers are borne in a lawful manner consistent! With closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to the. Is compromised too severe of parasitic giant dodder ( Cuscuta reflexa ) and illustrated with a faint brown.... Vigorous, this heirloom zonal geranium is perfect for borders and containers leaves with a characteristic,,... On benches of Sciences, 200 pp book page plate high resolut ArtsCult also the Botanical and...

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